Economic expenditure is estimated on the basis of economic accounts for continuing vocational training and apprenticeship and also on the "vocational training" section of expenditure for employment drawn up by Dares. The data given are final figures for 2000.
In 2000, the nation spent 21.65 billion euros on vocational training and apprenticeship, showing a 1.8% drop compared with 1999. This is the first decrease since 1995 and follows four years of growth in expenditure which represents only 1.55% of GDP and has fallen back to the level noted in the early 1990s. Investment-related expenditure decreased by 16.4%, while expenditure on trainees’ income, exemption from charges, training and associated activities fell by 1.7%. Investment expenditure directly linked with training and associated activities stopped increasing, and represented 57.7% of total expenditure. Trainee income expenses stabilised at 41.2% of overall expenditure.
End financing All financers contributed to the drop in global expenditure except for local authorities, other than regional authorities, and companies. Between 1999 and 2000, the share of public financers (State and regions) fell compared with that of private financers, which were companies and households. Companies are seeing a regular increase of nearly 4% a year in their expenditure and are becoming the leading financer, 2% ahead of the State in 1999 and 12.6% ahead in 2000. As for regional authorities which, since January 1999, have been responsible for training young people under 26 years old, their share of expenditure remained stable.
Companies expenditure Companies contributed â‚¬ 9.3 bn (excluding investments) to expenditure on vocational training and apprenticeship in 2000, representing a third consecutive increase. Over 10 years, their expenditure has risen at about the same rate as global expenditure, showing an average increase of +4% a year. 78% of expenditure goes on the training of employees in the context of the training plan or individual training leave, whether the funds are spent directly by companies (â‚¬ 4.84 bn) or paid to approved joint organisations (OPCA) (â‚¬ 2.35 bn). The remaining expenditure is used to finance alternance training (qualification, adaptation and career guidance contracts) and apprenticeship, amounting to â‚¬ 0.98 bn and â‚¬ 1 bn respectively, 10% and 6% up on 1999.
The State spend â‚¬ 8.2 bn â‚¬ (excluding investments) to promote vocational training and apprenticeship, including â‚¬ 3.4 bn for the training of occupied active persons. This expenditure dropped 6%, following increases of 0.8% in 1999 and 2.1% in 1998. Over 10 years, however, State expenditure had increased by an average of 2% a year. Funds earmarked for young people (23%) increased by 2%, whereas those allocated to job seekers (22%) and occupied active persons in the public sector (42%) showed significant drops of -8% and -10% respectively.
Expenditure on job seekers and categories of people in difficulty amounted to no more than â‚¬ 1.82 bn which is less than the level recorded in 1997. Indeed, the State cut its contribution to the national employment fund (FNE) and regrading training benefit financing scheme (AFR) by 19% and 4% respectively. It also made an 11% cut for vocational training and social promotion funds (FFPPS) and associated income.
Other ministries dedicate a part of their budget to the financing of the training (pdf)
Regional authority expenditure Expenditure by the regions remained stable (â‚¬ 1.94 bn excluding investments). Training for job seekers saw its share of finance fall to 19% (one percentage point less than in 1999), while the share allocated to young people aged under 26 remained stable at about 74% in 2000. The distribution of funds spent on young people was unchanged : nearly half was channelled to training schemes set up following the decentralisation laws.
Expenditure by other public administrations and UnÃ©dic
This expenditure fell by 10% to â‚¬ 1.5 bn excluding investments. This situation is explained by a new 1.3% drop in spending on training and regrading benefits (AFR) paid by UnÃ©dic to job seekers on training courses and in spending by AGCC (retraining convention management association) on redundant employees (-19%).
Financing continuing training and apprenticeship in 2000 (pdf)
In 2001, regional councils dedicated a little more than 2 billions of euros to the vocationnal training. This amount is identical to that of the previous year. The volumes of spending for the continuing vocationnal training, the apprenticeship and the other financing, remain to close to those in 2000 : respectively 1.165 Mâ‚¬, 776 Mâ‚¬ and 104 Mâ‚¬.
- Regional funds for apprenticeship and vocational training in 2001 : spendings analysis (pdf)
- Alternating training (courses for houths) in 2001 : numbers of admission (pdf)
- Numbers of unemployed people admissions to training sessions in 2001 (pdf)
- Key figures in 2001 (pdf)
- Distribution and rates of trainees by sex and size of firms (pdf)
- Admission’s rates to vocational traing by occupational status and size of firm (pdf)
- Beneficiaries of alternance contracts (pdf)
- Employers using Apprenticeship contracts (pdf)
- Employers using Qualification contracts (pdf)